MWD0201: Setting up a Mac for development (update)

A few months ago, I had a first crack at this topic: How to set up your Mac for modern web development. If you are curious enough, you’ll find the blog post here. 8 months after, I have taken a few things on board, and I believe time has come for an update.

The full step-by-step document is available as a PDF attached (SettingupaMacforDevelopment_v1.1), but to summarise my take on this topic:

  • You need some basic utilities: OS enhancements, editors, network utilities.
  • You need Homebrew, the missing package manager for Mac OS X. And thanks to that, you will be able to install all the languages and tools you need
  • Finally you need the DevOps tools required for modern automation and deployment practices: VirtualBox, Vagrant and Docker

mac_setup

Once this all settled and dusted, you will be able to run a state of the art web development environment on you Mac, on a day to day basis.

With handy shortcuts defined in your .bashprofile file, you will be able to start and stop services as we need them. A typical list of aliases would be:

#adding aliases

# PHP-FPM commands

alias php-fpm.start=”launchctl load -w  usr/local/opt/php55/homebrew.mxcl.php55.plist”

alias php-fpm.stop=”launchctl unload -w /usr/local/opt/php55/homebrew.mxcl.php55.plist”

alias php-fpm.restart=’php-fpm.stop && php-fpm.start’

# MySQL commands

alias mysql.start=”launchctl load -w /usr/local/opt/mysql/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist”

alias mysql.stop=”launchctl unload -w /usr/local/opt/mysql/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist”

alias mysql.restart=’mysql.stop && mysql.start’

# PostgreSQL commands

alias pg.start=”launchctl load -w /usr/local/opt/postgresql/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist”

alias pg.stop=”launchctl unload -w /usr/local/opt/postgresql/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist”

alias pg.restart=’pg.stop && pg.start’

# NGINX commands

alias nginx.start=’sudo nginx’

alias nginx.stop=’sudo nginx -s quit’

alias nginx.reload=’sudo nginx -s reload’

alias nginx.restart=’nginx.stop && nginx.start’

alias nginx.logs.error=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/error.log’

alias nginx.logs.access=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/access.log’

alias nginx.logs.default.access=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/default.access.log’

alias nginx.logs.default-ssl.access=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/default-ssl.access.log’

alias nginx.logs.phpmyadmin.error=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/phpmyadmin.error.log’

alias nginx.logs.phpmyadmin.access=’tail -250f /usr/local/etc/nginx/logs/phpmyadmin.access.log’

# WebDEV shortcuts
alias webdev.start=’php-fpm.start && mysql.start && nginx.start && mailcatcher’
alias webdev.stop=’php-fpm.stop && mysql.stop && nginx.stop’

To conclude, the most important thing is to keep your webdev environment up to date on an ongoing basis.

Mac OS X updates

Visit the AppStore to check for OS level updates. Pay particular attention to XCode updates.

Homebrew updates

All brew commands are here: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew/tree/master/share/doc/homebrew#readme

List the installed packages

$ brew list

Update the formulas and see what needs a refresh

$ brew update

Now upgrade your packages, individually or as a whole:

$ brew upgrade

If your paths and launch files are set properly, you should be fine even with an upgrade of PHP, MySQL, Nginx or NodeJS.

Pear updates

Simply run this to get a list of available upgrades:

$ sudo pear list-upgrades

And then to implement one oft hem

$ pear upgrade {Package_Name}

Gem updates

All Gem commands are here: http://guides.rubygems.org/command-reference/

List the installed packages

$ gem list

List those needing and update

$ gem outdated

Then update gems individually or as a whole:

$ gem update

Node updates

Note itself should be updated with Brew on a Mac.

$ brew upgrade node

To update Node Package Manager itself, just run

$ sudo npm install npm -g

To list all packages installed globally

$ npm list -g

Check for outdated global packages:

$ npm outdated -g –depth=0

Currently the global update command is bugged, so you can either update packagers individually:

$ npm -g install {package}

Or run this script

#!/bin/sh

set -e

set -x

for package in $(npm -g outdated –parseable –depth=0 | cut -d: -f2)

do

npm -g install “$package”

done

Note that all global modules are stored here: /usr/local/lib/node_modules

Conclusion

Obviously this is a personal flavour which characterises web development based on PHP, MySQL and NodeJS. For other destination ecosystems (Java, Ruby, Python), you can probably adapt the documentation above to fit your needs and specific constraints. But the main ideas remain: Use Homebrew, Ruby Gem, PHP Composer and Node NPM as much as you can to install additional libraries and manage dependencies.

Other tools I may have covered are a log management platform (such as Splunk or ELK), error catching (such as Sentry), mobile application utilities (such as Cordova, Ionix, Meteor), or design utilities (such as Omnigraffle, Pixelmator, Sketch, Mindmapple). Not to mention a variety of handy cloud services.

Please let me know what you guys out there think about this!

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